文章摘要

叶继元.论我国图书馆事业发展的八大问题[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(5):20~33
论我国图书馆事业发展的八大问题
Eight Major Problems in the Development of the Librarianship in China
投稿时间:2018-07-26  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆事业  图书馆学教育  图书馆学研究
英文关键词: Librarianship  Education of Library Science  Research of Library Science
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作者单位E-mail
叶继元 南京大学信息管理学院教授博士生导师。 江苏 南京 210023 yejiyuan@nju.edu.cn,yejiyuan@nju.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      为明确新时代、新技术、新需求对当下中国图书馆事业提出的新任务,认清发展大方向,本研究提出影响图书馆工作和图书馆学教育与研究的八大问题:如何对待图书馆事业发展的机遇与挑战,如何完善图书馆法律体系,如何应对新技术的应用,如何加强图书馆服务能力,如何提高图书馆工作质量,如何推动跨系统跨部门的信息资源共建共享,如何发挥多元力量办好图书馆,如何加强图书馆学教育与研究。利用文献分析法、历史研究法,对这些问题进行解析发现,我们应依法促进图书馆事业可持续发展,利用新技术推动图书馆核心价值和功能的实现,提升图书馆的服务能力和工作质量及共建共享水平,密切图书馆与社会各阶层的联系,坚守图书馆学核心内容,并及时将核心原则拓展到相关的、新兴的信息领域,通过专业问题的研究和教学,培养图书馆和相关部门所需要的专业人才,稳步推进图书馆事业。参考文献24。
英文摘要:
With the socialism with Chinese characteristics entering a new era, the Chinese librarianship is entering a new era. The promulgation of the Law on Public Libraries,the people's higher pursuit of a better life, the need for an innovative and knowledge based construction of the country, the rapid advancement of information technology, the proliferation of information resources, and the changing conditions of funding and premises, all of these have raised new questions about the development of the librarianship.

In order to clarify the new task of the new era, new technology and new demand for the present Chinese librarianship, we should recognize the general direction of the development of the librarianship and put forward eight major problems that affect the work of the library and the education and research of the Library Science: how to deal with the opportunities and challenges, how to improve the legal system of the library, how to deal with the application of new technology, how to strengthen the service ability, how to improve the quality of library work, how to promote the sharing of information resources in the crossing systems and interdepartmental libraries, how to move social forces to run the library and how to strengthen the education and research of Library Science. This paper analyzes these problems by using the method of literature analysis and historical research. It was found that library had played an important role in social development. As long as it actively responds to challenges, it will be an inseparable and important part of the society in the future. At the present stage, Chinese libraries should continue to undertake the basic tasks of borrowing and reference of document information, and pay more attention to the connotative knowledge service, diversification and personalized service tasks of document information. Both tasks must be completed and must not be neglected. This is especially true for libraries that are underdeveloped and unbalanced. We should continue to work on the basis of the promulgation of public libraries to promote the introduction of the “Library Law”, including various types of libraries, and to modify and improve certain provisions, such as the professional education of professional librarians and curators, degrees, treatments, etc. We should also formulate detailed implementation measures and implement them in grassroots public libraries. The sustainable development of the librarianship should be promoted according to law. We also should utilize new technologies such as big data and artificial intelligence to promote the realization of the core values and functions of libraries, adhere to the principle of people oriented rather than technology led development, give full play to the enthusiasm of all types of talents in libraries, improve the service capabilities and quality of libraries, and speed up the sharing level of the information resources in the crossing systems and crossing departments libraries, tie up the connection and interaction among libraries and all levels of society, stick to the core content of the Library Science, and expand the core principles to the relevant and new information fields in time. Through the research and teaching of professional problems, the professionals of the library and related departments should be trained to promote the librarianship steadily. 24 refs.

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