文章摘要

徐拥军,闫静.中国特色档案学的基本范畴与核心命题[J].中国图书馆学报,2024,50(3):30~46
中国特色档案学的基本范畴与核心命题
The Basic Categories and Core Propositions of Archival Science with Chinese Characteristics
投稿时间:2023-03-24  修订日期:2023-05-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 档案学  中国自主的知识体系  基本范畴  核心命题  中国特色
英文关键词: Archival science  China's Independent Knowledge System  Basic categories  Core propositions  Chinese characteristics
基金项目:
作者单位
徐拥军 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
闫静 山东大学历史学院 山东 济南 250100 
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中文摘要:
      新中国成立后,中国特色档案学先后经历了探索期、发展期和创新期三个发展阶段,形成了具有中国特色的档案学学科体系、学术体系与话语体系。新时代的历史方位下,厘清中国特色档案学的学科内核和学理内涵,是保持学科独立性、提升学科话语权、推动学科持续发展的必需之举。本文结合中国特色档案学的历史沿革与研究内容,总结出中国特色档案学的四个基本范畴及其十六个核心命题,并阐释范畴之间的内在逻辑关系。在四个基本范畴中,档案的本质及其形成规律是学科的逻辑起点,档案管理核心环节设计及理论应用是学科的立足之道,档案事业研究及其社会服务是学科的生存之基,档案学理论与方法是学科持续发展的活力之源。总结归纳中国特色档案学的基本范畴与核心命题,有助于更新和延展学科内涵,使档案学以全新的面貌立足于学科之林。图1。参考文献42。
英文摘要:
Since its birth after the foundation of the People's Republic of China,archival science with Chinese characteristics has experienced exploration period,development period and innovation period. In this process,the discipline system,academic system and discourse system of archival science with Chinese characteristics have been formed. In the new era,it is necessary to clarify the subject core and theoretical connotation of archival science to maintain its independence,enhance its discourse power and promote its sustainable development. Based on the historical evolution and research content of archival science,this paper summarizes four basic categories and its sixteen core propositions,and explains the internal logical relationship between the categories.
First,among the four categories,the nature and formation law of archives are the logical starting point of the discipline. Clarifying the essential attributes and formation law of archives is the basis for carrying out theoretical research and archives practice,and it is also the premise to maintain disciplinary uniqueness. The core propositions include the definition of archives,the law of natural formation of archives,the unique form of archives value,and the regularity of the realization of archives value. Second,the design and theoretical application of the core links of archives management are the basis of the discipline. Archives management has gone through entity management,information management and knowledge management stages. In the three stages,archives management links have been continuously improved,and their theoretical application has been continuously expanded. The core propositions include the division of the core links of archives management,the roles and requirements of archives filing,classification and organization,appraisal,and utilization. Third,the research of archives undertaking and its social service are the basis of the discipline's survival. Since 1950s,archives management system in China has undergone four major changes. In the process of reform and development,distinctive characteristics of archives undertaking have been formed. The core propositions include the goal of archives undertaking according to rule of laws,specific performance and experience of archives management system,the foothold of archives social services,and important parts of archives undertaking. Fourth,the theory and method of archival science are the source of the discipline's vitality. Since its inception,archival science with Chinese characteristics has emphasized independence,sinicization and autonomy in the disciplinary development. Chinese archival community has absorbed,developed and improved western archival theory,and gradually formed the core theory and method with Chinese characteristics. The core propositions include the research objects and disciplinary features,the innovation of existing theories and original theories,and research methodology.
To sum up the basic categories and core propositions of archival science with Chinese characteristics is helpful to renew and extend the connotation of the subject and make archival science stand in the forest of the subject with a new look. 1 fig. 42 refs.
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