闫慧,闫希敏.农民数字化贫困自我归因分析及启示[J].中国图书馆学报,2014,40(5):68~81
Self-attribution of Digital Poverty by Rural Residents and Its Implications:Field Studies in Anhui, Gansu and Tianjin
农民数字化贫困自我归因分析及启示
Received:May 14, 2014  Revised:July 10, 2014
DOI:
Key words:Community Informatics  Digital poverty  Digital inequality  Digital divide  Self-attribution  Digital poverty alleviation
中文关键词:  社群信息学  数字化贫困  数字不平等  数字鸿沟  自我归因  数字化脱贫
基金项目:本文系国家社科基金青年项目“中国农民数字化贫困实证研究:现象、根源与对策”(编号:11CTQ009)和中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“数字化贫困与公共数字文化政策的评估与反思”(编号:NKZXB1449)的研究成果之一。
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Yan Hui 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系,天津 天津,300071 yanhui@nankai.edu.cn 
Yan Ximin 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系,天津 天津,300071  
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Abstract:
The paper conducted a grounded theory research on self-attribution analysis by rural residents on their digital poverty status from field studies in Dongzhi County of Anhui, Tianzhu of Gansu and Jinghai of Tianjin.Based on self-attribution theory from motivation research, it reports main findings on categories of their feelings of reasons for digital poverty, which include digital ability, digital efforts, digital context and social support.The lack of digital ability is composed of the lack of digital physical ability, digital economic ability, digital psychological ability and digital literacy.The combination of the four abilities can describe the realities of the lack of digital ability.Digital efforts consist of time consumed on digital information behavior and using experiences based on it.Digital context is divided into information infrastructure, social norms which refer to social customs and habits, ethics and epistemology in the digital world, and luck.Social support means social resources including tangible support and emotional support to the digital poor from their social relations and social institutions.Digital poverty model for rural residents in China is constructed and suggestions on digital poverty alleviation are proposed.1 fig.5 tabs.30 refs.
中文摘要:
      本文通过对安徽东至县、甘肃天祝县和天津静海县农村数字化贫困田野研究的访谈文本数据进行扎根理论研究,归纳出中国农村居民数字化贫困的常见归因类型:数字化能力、数字化努力、数字化情境和社会支持。数字化能力的缺失归纳为四种情况:数字化生理能力、数字化经济能力、数字化心理能力和数字化素养的缺失,这四种能力的缺失组合起来形成了数字化能力贫困的不同情形。数字化努力包含投入到数字化行为中的时间及基于此积累的使用经验。数字化情境是数字化贫困个体所处的信息基础设施、社会规范(风俗习惯、道德规范及传统认知)和运气。社会支持是数字化贫困个体从社会关系和社会机构中获得的物质支持与情感支持。本文构建了农村居民数字化脱贫动态模型,并有针对性地提出数字化脱贫策略。图1。表5。参考文献30。
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