程焕文,张琦,谢小燕,王蕾.向人类历史上最伟大的思想家致敬——中山大学图书馆藏马克思恩格斯手稿与珍稀著作的时代价值[J].中国图书馆学报,2021,47(4):4~15
Salute to the Greatest Thinkers in Human History: The Contemporary Values of the Manuscripts and Rare Works of Marx and Engels in Sun Yat-sen University Library
向人类历史上最伟大的思想家致敬——中山大学图书馆藏马克思恩格斯手稿与珍稀著作的时代价值
Received:June 20, 2021  
DOI:
Key words:Karl Heinrich Marx  Friedrich Engels  Manuscript  The Communist Manifesto  Das Kapital  Sun Yat-sen University Library
中文关键词:  马克思  恩格斯  手稿  《共产党宣言》  《资本论》  中山大学图书馆
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
CHENG Huanwen 中山大学信息管理学院 广东 广州 510006 
ZHANG Qi 中山大学图书馆特藏部 广东 广州 510275 
XIE Xiaoyan 中山大学图书馆特藏部 广东 广州 510275 
WANG Lei 中山大学图书馆特藏部 广东 广州 510275 
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Abstract:
This article describes the process of Marxist literature collecting in SunYat-sen University Library in recent years, and for the first time publicly reveals the collection of rare Marxist documents to the society, including:1) six manuscripts of Marx and Engels: the letter of Marx to Heinrich Brockhaus dated on 19 August 1852, the manuscript note of “On the Polish Question” by Marx in 1863 (never published before), the letter of Marx to Collet Dobson Collet dated on 26 September 1886(never published before), the letter of Marx to Louis Justin Lahure dated on 20 January 1875 (never published before), the letter of Engels to Thomas Allsop dated on 28 October 1876 (never published before), the letter of Marx to Charles Waldstein dated on 26 January 1880; 2) the earliest three important versions of The Communist Manifestoincluding the first German version published by RHirschfeld, English & Foreign Printer, 48, Clifton Street, Finsbury Square, London, in February 1848 (a twenty four pages version), the first Russian version translated by Mikhail Bakunin and published in 1869, and the first French version translated by Laura Lafargue and published by Le Devenir Social, RE NOUVELLE, 9 Rue Daubenton, 9, Paris, in 1895; and 3) the first edition of fourteen languages of Das Kapitalin German, Russian, French, Polish, Danish, Italian, English, American first edition, Yiddish, Japanese, Hungarian, Chinese, Swedish, Serbo Croatian and Estonian These collections are rare versions in the world and the unique in the libraries in China The manuscripts of Marx and Engels are useful for the editing and publishing of the Marx Engels Gesamtausgabe, and the first versions of The Communist Manifestoand Das Kapitalconsist of the history of the spreading of Marxism in the world The article holds that to collect and preserve the rare Marxist literature is helpful to inherit the great spirit of Marxism, to improve the level of Marxist theoretical research and to play the role of educating the classical works of Marxism 1 tab 14 refs
中文摘要:
      文章通过介绍近年来中山大学图书馆在全球收集马克思主义文献的经过,首次向社会公开揭示馆藏马克思主义珍稀文献,包括马克思恩格斯手稿6件,《共产党宣言》的最早3个重要版本和《资本论》14个语种的初版。收集保存马克思主义珍稀文献有利于传承马克思主义伟大精神,提升马克思主义理论研究水平,发挥马克思主义经典著作的育人作用。表1。参考文献14。
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