蔡迎春.数字人文评价:学科性、专业性、技术性[J].中国图书馆学报,2021,47(4):86~96
Digital Humanities Evaluation: Discipline, Specialty and Technology
数字人文评价:学科性、专业性、技术性
Received:February 22, 2021  Revised:June 19, 2021
DOI:
Key words:Digital humanities evaluation Library, information and archives science Interdisciplinary research Discipline Specialty Technology
中文关键词:  数字人文评价  图情档学科  跨学科研究  学科性  专业性  技术性
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Author NameAffiliation
CAI Yingchun 上海外国语大学图书馆 上海 200083 
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Abstract:
As a phenomenal international discourse in the 21st century, the depth, breadth and speed of digital humanities have been significantly improved At the same time, the evaluation of digital humanities has begun to enter the vision of researchers and become a new topic in the digital humanities
It can be found from the related research of digital humanities at home and abroad that the research mainly embodies the characteristics of discipline, specialty and technology. From the overall development trend, digital humanities projects can be divided into three stages: primary stage, intermediate stage and advanced stage Combined with the characteristics and development stages of digital humanities research, this paper constructs and discusses the evaluation of digital humanities from three dimensions of discipline, professionalism and technicality. Discipline is the core element, and the evaluation of digital humanities achievements depends on whether it promotes the practical and academic innovation in the field of humanities. Professionalism is the key element Library, information and archives science builds basic data facilities for digital humanities and provides methodological guidance for digital humanities by using its professional knowledge of information organization, retrieval and analysisIt is also the medium and link connecting disciplines and technologies. Technology is an essential element Information technology, natural language processing technology, semantic web technology and text mining technology are applied to human data analysis to help academic innovation and knowledge innovation in the field of humanities    In the field of library, information and archives, we should give full play to the advantages of professional knowledge, technology application, professional talents and professional organizations, strengthen interdis ciplinary exchanges and cooperation, and help promote theoretical innovation, knowledge innovation, discipline innovation and method innovation in the field of humanities. At the same time, we should learn from the existing evaluation research results and practical experience to lead the evaluation of digital human achievements 1 tab 19 refs
中文摘要:
      数字人文作为21世纪的一个现象级国际话语,其发展深度、广度与速度均在显著提升,同时数字人文评价也开始进入研究者的视野,成为数字人文领域的新课题。本文结合数字人文研究的特点和发展阶段,从学科性、专业性和技术性三个维度构建与探讨数字人文评价问题:学科性是核心要素,评价数字人文成果最终要看它是否推动了人文领域的知识创新和学术创新;专业性是关键要素,图情档学科为数字人文提供数据基础设施,并利用信息组织、信息检索、数据分析等专业知识为数字人文提供方法论指导,也是连接学科和技术的媒介和纽带;技术性是必备要素,信息技术、自然语言处理技术、语义网技术、文本挖掘技术等应用于人文数据分析中,助力人文领域的学术创新和知识创新。图情档领域应发挥专业知识优势、技术应用优势、专业人才优势和专业组织优势,加强跨学科交流与合作,推动人文学科研究的理论创新、知识创新、学科创新和方法创新;同时,借鉴已有评价研究成果和评价实践经验,引领开展数字人文成果的评价。表 1。参考文献 19。
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