北京大学国家现代公共文化研究中心课题组.面向2035:建设中国特色世界一流公共图书馆体系[J].中国图书馆学报,2022,48(1):4~16
Looking into 2035:Building up the World Class Public Library System with Chinese Characteristics
面向2035:建设中国特色世界一流公共图书馆体系
Received:January 12, 2022  
DOI:
Key words:Culturally advanced China  Public library  Public cultural service system  Chinese Characteristics
中文关键词:  文化强国  公共图书馆  公共文化服务体系  中国特色
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
Research Team of the National Modern Public Cultural Research Center of Peking University 北京大学信息管理系 北京 100871 
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Abstract:
At present,China has witnessed the rapid development of public library system,and the number of public libraries,total square footage and paper stocks of public libraries rank first in the world,and the average population coverage of one public library and the total electronic resources have reached the advanced level. China still has noticeable shortcomings compared with the United States,the Great Britain,Japan and South Korea:1) the quality of libraries in the grassroots and rural areas is unsatisfactory; 2) the per capita hold of basic resources is insufficient; 3) the service inefficiency is obvious. The analysis of public library development in the United States,the Great Britain,Japan and South Korea shows that the rapid development of public libraries depends on the solid foundation of economic development,and it takes 10 to 20 years for public libraries to rise to the world's advanced level. The legislation of public library is a powerful pushing force for the rapid development of the cause. All the four countries have taken the development of public libraries in rural areas as an important task.
Therefore,three measures could be initiated in building up a world class public library system in China:1)promoting “100 Iconic Public Libraries” which can reach world leading indicators while expanding the project of “Library City”. 2) implementing the project of “County Library Promotion” by taking a “three step” plan to promote resources protection and service efficiency,and enhancing the digital service capability of county level public libraries. 3) optimizing the quality of rural public reading spaces by integrating the farmer bookstore into the central branch system of county libraries,embedding public reading spaces into rural cultural tourism facilities,and setting up new public reading spaces in the countryside. During the process of building up the world class public library system,China has also exhibited its institutional advantages:1) Chinese public libraries have been integrated into the overall strategy of public cultural service system,2) libraries can meet the cultural needs of the people while enhancing their spiritual strength,3) the government dominates the construction of public library system,4) regional cooperation and paired assistance within the nation encourage the balanced and coordinated development of public libraries. 3 tabs. 34 refs.
中文摘要:
      目前我国公共图书馆的设施总量、建筑面积总量和馆藏纸质图书总量三项基础性指标已居世界第一,一所设施平均覆盖人数和电子资源总量两项基础性指标已步入世界先进水平。与英、美、日、韩等国相比,目前我国存在短板,一是基层、农村公共图书馆质量水平低,二是基础资源人均拥有量低,三是体现服务效能的指标差距明显。英、美、日、韩等国公共图书馆步入世界先进水平的历程显示出一些基本规律:公共图书馆事业快速发展有赖于经济快速发展奠定坚实基础,公共图书馆整体跃升到世界先进水平一般经历10—20年,公共图书馆立法是推动事业快速发展的强大动力,加强基层、乡村公共图书馆建设是普遍重视的任务。我国公共图书馆迈向世界一流的重点举措包括:一是建设世界一流卓越公共图书馆群,打造100家主要共性指标处于世界领先水平、中国特色鲜明的标志性公共图书馆,拓展和深化“图书馆之城”建设;二是实施公共图书馆“强县馆”计划,主要包括县级公共图书馆资源保障和服务效能倍增“三步走”计划、县级公共图书馆数字服务能力提升计划;三是实施乡村公共阅读空间提质增效行动,推动农家书屋与县级图书馆总分馆体系融合发展,公共阅读广泛嵌入乡村文旅设施,新型公共阅读空间向乡村延伸。世界一流公共图书馆体系的中国特色主要表现在:公共图书馆事业纳入公共文化服务体系建设总体战略;满足人民文化需求和增强人民精神力量相统一;政府强有力主导公共图书馆体系建设;区域协作、对口帮扶,全国一盘棋促进公共图书馆均衡协同发展。表3。参考文献34。
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