周晓英,裴俊良.健康信息学的学科范畴与中国健康信息学的发展——兼述健康信息学学科建设与发展学术研讨会[J].中国图书馆学报,2022,48(2):76~93
The Discipline Category of Health Informatics and the Development of Health Informatics in China
健康信息学的学科范畴与中国健康信息学的发展——兼述健康信息学学科建设与发展学术研讨会
Received:February 14, 2022  
DOI:
Key words:Healthy China  Health informatics  Medical informatics  Discipline construction  Discipline categoryDiscipline development
中文关键词:  健康中国  健康信息学  医学信息学  学科建设  学科范畴  学科发展
基金项目:本文系“中国人民大学公共健康与疾病预防控制交叉学科重大创新平台”和国家社会科学基金重点项目“全媒体语境下的信息流行病学理论与实践研究”(编号:20AZD132)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliation
ZHOU Xiaoying 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
PEI Junliang 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
Hits: 519
Download times: 439
Abstract:
Informatics is becoming more and more related to health science. The problems related to health information have gradually become a hot issue in the field of informatics. As a new discipline,health informatics is growing. In October 2021,“Academic Seminar on the Discipline Construction and Development of Health Informatics” was held in Beijing. Experts and scholars at the seminar discussed the concept definition,content framework and social needs of health informatics,and the relationship between health informatics and related disciplines,the relationship between COVID-19 prevention and control and health informatics,and the discipline construction of health informatics. The purpose of this paper is to expound the basic problems that need to be clarified in the initial stage of health informatics in China,including: What is health informatics? What does it consist of? What is the development process of health informatics? How does health informatics should be developed in China?
Firstly,this paper dissects the existing definitions of health,informatics and health informatics,analyzes the underlying reasons for the inconsistency of the concepts of health informatics,and puts forward the ways to define the concept and category of health informatics. Secondly,this paper expounds the academic understanding of the relationship between health informatics (HI) and medical informatics (MI),sorts out the discipline composition of health informatics based on the views of international authoritative organizations (such as EU*US eHealth Work Project) and experts (such as professor Shortliffe),and analyzes the knowledge framework of health informatics from two aspects: the discipline competency requirements put forward by the association and the teaching curriculum system of colleges and universities. Finally,according to the results of literature research and the discussion contents of the “seminar”,this paper analyzes the background of the construction and development of health informatics in China,investigates the development status of health informatics in China,and puts forward the development path of health informatics in China.
The core research findings are as follows: 1) Corresponding to the concept of health in the comprehensive health age,health informatics is a large discipline group,which includes a series of discipline groups generated by the application of informatics in the fields of health,biology and medicine. This health informatics can be called comprehensive health informatics or biomedical and health informatics (BMHI). 2) BMHI includes many sub disciplines,which adhere to the common theoretical concepts,methods,skills and technical means of informatics. They are different from each other but interrelated. The discipline composition of BMHI can be analyzed from two directions: centered on human as a biological component and centered on human as a social component. BMHI is a typical interdisciplinary subject,which is related to many disciplines. 3) The research of health informatics has expanded from focusing on the traditional information problems in clinical medicine to the information problems in public health,and then to the information problems of maintaining health in daily life. 4) In the comprehensive health age and the opportunity period of the construction and development of Healthy China,we should speed up the construction of comprehensive health informatics with Chinese characteristics. At present,the development path of health informatics in China should be learning innovation improvement. 2 figs. 2 tabs. 47 refs.
中文摘要:
      信息学正在与健康科学产生更多的关联,逐渐发展成为一门新兴的交叉学科——健康信息学。2021年10月,“健康信息学学科建设与发展学术研讨会”在北京召开,与会专家学者对健康信息学的概念定义、内容框架、社会需求、与相关学科的关系、新冠疫情防控与健康信息学、健康信息学学科建设等主要议题展开讨论。本文在深入研究国内外健康信息学理论和实践的基础上,结合与会专家的讨论,阐述中国健康信息学在起步阶段需要厘清的基本理论问题:健康信息学是什么,由哪些内容构成,发展过程如何,中国的健康信息学要如何发展。研究发现:①与大健康时代的健康概念相对应,健康信息学是一个大的学科群,它囊括了将信息学应用于健康、生物、医学领域而产生的一系列新兴学科,可以称之为大健康信息学或者生物医学健康信息学(BMHI);②大健康信息学与多个学科有关联,是典型的交叉学科,包括众多的子学科,这些子学科秉承信息学共有的理论概念、方法技巧、技术手段,它们互有区别但又相互关联;③健康信息学研究从传统的聚焦解决临床医学中的信息问题,拓展到关注公共卫生中的信息问题,再拓展到关注民众日常生活中的健康信息问题;④在大健康时代,在健康中国建设和发展的机遇期,应通过不断学习、创新和提高,加快建设中国特色的大健康信息学,推动大健康信息学发展成为教育部交叉学科类别中的一级学科。图2。表2。参考文献47。
View Full Text   View/Add Comment  Download reader