于斌斌.中英两国中学生的个人信息世界对比研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2022,48(2):116~129
A Comparative Study on the Individuals Information World of Middle School Students in China and Britain
中英两国中学生的个人信息世界对比研究
Received:June 23, 2021  
DOI:
Key words:Information world of individual  Educational pattern  Information agents  Middle school students  China  Britain
中文关键词:  个人信息世界  教育模式  信息主体  中学生  中国  英国
基金项目:本文系国家自然科学基金项目“教育模式对信息分化的影响及作用机理研究——基于实践理论和信息经验中介作用的考察”(编号:71974103)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliation
YU Binbin 天津商业大学公共管理学院 天津 300134 
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Abstract:
The differences of students cultivated by different education patterns have always attracted the research interests of different disciplines. As far as LIS is concerned,the relevant research focuses on the different characteristics of students as information agents who are cultivated by different education. The purpose of this study is to explore the comprehensive differences and specific performance between Chinese and British middle school students,using the concept of individuals information world (IWoL) and its measurement tool.
A cross border questionnaire survey was conducted among 2 877 junior and senior high school students in these two countries. Taking the student group as the analysis unit,and using descriptive statistics,mean test,and correlation analysis,this research shows that there are significant differences in the IWoL between Chinese and British students,and the average score of British students is significantly higher. Specific analyses show that,British students score significantly higher in almost all dimensions,especially in available information sources,accessible information sources and intelligence dimensions. The core disadvantage of Chinese students is that they seldom need information and information practice in order to solve specific problems in their daily life;they lack the willingness and interest to use knowledge rich information sources and resources;they routinely use leisure and entertainment resources.
The theoretical contribution of this study lies in the comprehensive measurement of the overall performance of students as information agents (rather than the previous single dimension). What is more,this study increases the attention of relevant fields to the variable of educational pattern (rather than year or level of education). In practice,this study leads educators and LIS practitioners to pay more attention to the cultivation of students as the information agents,and to seek more opportunities to arouse students cognition of the value of information and to carry out more conscious information practices inside and outside the classroom. 7 tabs. 48 refs.
中文摘要:
      不同教育模式培养的学生具体有何不同,一直吸引着不同学科的研究兴趣,对图书馆信息学(LIS)而言,相关研究着眼的是不同教育培养的学生具有何种不同的信息主体特征。本研究借鉴信息行为和信息素养领域的成果,采用综合性的测度工具——个人信息世界指数来测度学生作为信息主体的整体表现和具体特征;以中国城市中学生和英国中学生为两组对应样本,采用问卷调查方法,考察了两国教育培养的中学生在信息领域的差异。研究发现,两国中学生
群体内部都存在巨大的信息贫富分化;
我国中学生在基础信息源和空间维度的得分略高,但在

可及信息源和可获取信息源的数量及质量、课堂之外对知识类信息资源的需求和利用、开展知觉性和目的性信息实践的动力和智识等方面存在劣势。这为推进我国中小学图书馆的建设提供了有力证据,也从LIS视角说明素质教育需要信息资源和信息机构的深度参与。表7。参考文献48。
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