刘亚.基于个人信息世界理论的青少年信息生活研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2022,48(3):96~111
A Research of the Teenagers Information Life Based on Information Worlds of Individuals Theory
基于个人信息世界理论的青少年信息生活研究
Received:January 29, 2022  
DOI:
Key words:Information worlds of individuals  Teenagers  Information practices
中文关键词:  个人信息世界  青少年  信息实践
基金项目:本文系国家自然科学基金项目“教育模式对信息分化的影响及作用机理研究——基于实践理论和信息经验中介作用的考察”(编号:71974103)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliation
LIU Ya 天津工业大学图书馆 天津 300387 
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Abstract:
With the development of economic and information technology,the advantage of information resource and access has become the main characteristics of teenagers information lifeHowever,the information equipment and resources owned by teenagers cannot reflect the whole picture of teenagers information life. It is necessary to study teenagers information life from a comprehensive perspective.
This study applied participant observation and the in depth interview as research methods to investigate 5 middle schools in three cities. Data were collected from the observation of 50 hours of class activities,interview of 132 teenagers and 38 teachersThe theory of “Information Worlds of Individuals” was used in this study as the theoretical framework to investigate the teenagers daily study and to observe the comprehensive situation of teenagers participating in information life as the information agents. The study found that,to most of the studied teenagers,the great proportion of their time was paid to conscious information practices,and little was devoted to intentional information practices. Their information practices were limited in types,time,space and intellectual sophistication. The information practices of teenagers limited the amount of based information resources and information assets in their information worldsAccording to the theory of Information Worlds of Individuals,for most of the studied teenagers,their information practices tended to shape narrow information worlds.
This study has contributed to the in depth understanding of teenagers information life. Although all kinds of information resources in teenagers living environment are relatively rich,most teenagers information worlds are characterized by poor content,narrow boundary and lack of improvement power. Besides,this study revealed the essential roles of information practicesInformation practice determined the effect and ability of teenagers to obtain educational achievements and participate in the life of information societyCompared with the existing information behavior research,this study attempted to inspire the education field to pay attention to the defects of teenagers information behaviorIn addition,the role of education in guiding and shaping young students information practice was initially shown in this studyIt is safe to conclude that education models will have an effect and influence on the elements of individuals information worlds. Some education models may tend to shape students narrow information worlds. Thus,it is necessary to explore the influence mechanism of education on the elements of individuals information worlds in future research. 9 tabs. 23 refs.
中文摘要:
      随着经济和信息社会的不断发展,丰富的信息资源以及信息获取机会成为青少年信息生活的主要特征。然而,信息资源和设备的普及并不等同于青少年可以很好地参与信息生活。青少年是信息社会重要的参与群体,其信息生活的状况需要被全面地观察和研究。本文采用课堂观察和深度访谈的方法,调研中学生的日常学习和生活,从“个人信息世界”理论视角观察青少年作为信息活动主体参与信息生活的综合状况。研究发现,大多数被访青少年将日常学习和生活中的大部分时间用于开展知觉性信息实践,缺乏开展目的性信息实践的机会;信息实践表现出类型单一、时空受限和智识程度较低的特征;个人信息世界中的基础信息源和信息资产都十分有限。依据“个人信息世界”理论,这些青少年的信息实践构建出的是狭小的信息世界。本文研究发现有助于图书馆学及教育学提高对于青少年信息生活状况的认识和理解,进一步证明深入解析教育实践对青少年信息世界的影响机制是有必要且有价值的研究命题。表9。参考文献23。
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