陈传夫,陈一.新时代图书馆发展的中国实践及其理论贡献[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(1):4~21
Chinese Practice of Library Development and Its Theoretical Contribution in the New Era
新时代图书馆发展的中国实践及其理论贡献
Received:September 20, 2022  
DOI:
Key words:New era  Library development  Chinese practice
中文关键词:  新时代  图书馆发展  中国实践
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
CHEN Chuanfu 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 
CHEN Yi 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 
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Abstract:
Library undertaking is an institutional policy related to the basic cultural rights and interests of the people. It is a window to observe the state of social construction,cultural soft power and social civilization. The financial crisis and public health emergencies have impacted the development of global libraries,while Chinese libraries are developing rapidly in the new era. Taking the development of Chinese libraries in the new era as the main object,this paper uses Chinese theory to explain Chinese practice,reasonably explains the logic of Chinese library development,and summarizes the theoretical contribution to library development in the new era.
This paper systematically combs the development practice of Chinese libraries in the new era from four aspects:the transformation of development mode,the innovation of development pattern,the guarantee of the rule of law and the improvement of governance capacity. Development mode refers to the distribution,input,combination and use of factors of production,which is summarized from the following aspects:funding input,human resources development and reform,establishment of the free and open system,and attention to people's livelihood. The development pattern refers to the principles,ways,procedures and methods followed in the transformation from a lower state to a higher level. It is specifically summarized from the aspects of government led development,incorporation into the national economic and social development plan,incorporation into the public cultural system and the construction of special projects to give full play to institutional advantages. The gradual establishment of the legal system of libraries with Chinese characteristics has provided a guarantee for the healthy development of Chinese librarianship,which is mainly summarized from three aspects:the development of national legislation,local legislation and the construction of standard and normative system. Governance is the sum of many ways in which public or private individuals and institutions operate and manage the same affairs. This part sorts out from three aspects:the reform of corporate governance structure of public cultural institutions,the purchase of public cultural services by the government,and the development of social forces and social capital.
On the basis of systematically summarizing the development practice,this paper analyzes the internal logic of the rapid development of Chinese libraries in the new era of four aspects:the strategic call for building a moderately prosperous society in all respects,the historical responsibility of inheriting civilization,the coordinated promotion of public services and the powerful promotion of digital technology. The development practice of Chinese libraries has the following theoretical contributions:library development should be oriented to social needs,people oriented,adhere to cultural connotation and maintain the basic nature of the system.
The rapid development of libraries in the new era has played an important role in the construction of values,social construction and the promotion of social civilization. However,the development of the library is still unbalanced and insufficient,the investment needs to be strengthened,the service efficiency needs to be improved,the development of social capital is still insufficient,and there is a gap with the people's good expectations. The development practice of the library shows the irreplaceable social value of the library,shows the connotation of adhering to the people centered development,and provides a Chinese answer to “which direction should the library head for”. Facing the new development stage,the library must adhere to the correct political direction,nourish the national soul,cultivate cultural self confidence,insist on creating new achievements in the reform,embrace new technologies,promote transformation and innovation,maintain higher quality development,and make greater contribution to develop a strong socialist culture in China. 1 fig. 66 refs.
中文摘要:
      从发展方式、发展模式、法治保障与治理能力等方面回顾了新时代图书馆发展实践,阐释了新时代图书馆快速发展的内在逻辑,凝练了新时代图书馆发展的理论贡献:图书馆发展应坚持发展价值的时代性、发展主体的人民性、发展本质的文化性、发展制度的基本性。新时代图书馆的发展,彰显了图书馆不可替代的社会价值、以人民为中心的发展内涵,为“图书馆要转向何方”全球之问提供了中国答案。图1。参考文献66。
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