苗美娟,陆晓曦,张皓珏.中国特色公共图书馆事业十年回顾与展望[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(1):22~37
Review and Prospect of Public Librarianship with Chinese Characteristics in the Past Ten Years
中国特色公共图书馆事业十年回顾与展望
Received:December 12, 2022  Revised:December 31, 2022
DOI:
Key words:Public libraries  Chinese characteristics  Public cultural service system  Culturally advanced ChinaChinese style modernization
中文关键词:  公共图书馆  中国特色  公共文化服务体系  文化强国  中国式现代化
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
MIAO Meijuan,LU Xiaoxi,ZHANG Haojue 对外经济贸易大学政府管理学院 北京 100029 
陆晓曦 北京语言大学图书馆 北京 100871 
张皓珏 北京工商大学国际经管学院 北京 100048 
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Abstract:
Public libraries in China have thoroughly implemented the national decisions on constructing a modern public cultural service system and building a moderately prosperous society in all aspects since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China,and have ushered in a path of innovative development of public libraries with Chinese characteristics in adherence to the unity of meeting people's spiritual needs and strengthening people's spiritual strength.
Remarkable achievements have been made over the past decade with highlights on four aspects and ten themes:1)the institutional system and governance system of public libraries with Chinese characteristics were established,with major breakthroughs made in the construction of the rule of law,standardization and central branch system of public libraries;2)great achievements were made in the national strategy of promoting and serving reading for all people,especially in the protection of the reading rights and interests of special groups,the new normal of “library +” and “Internet +” service innovation,the accelerated construction of high quality new public cultural spaces and “city of libraries”;3)digital intelligence enabled the creation of a new phase of cultural people benefit projects,including in depth promotion of the public digital culture integration development project and substantial progress in the construction of smart libraries;4)significant achievements were made in the protection of ancient books and the inheritance of excellent traditional Chinese culture.
The following four features have been shown in the ten year development of public libraries with Chinese characteristics:1)the accelerated construction of the modern public cultural service system has promoted the high quality development of public libraries,especially the establishment of the national public cultural service system demonstration area (project) which has lasted for ten years,has significantly promoted the comprehensive,rapid and innovative development of public librarianship;2)extensive participation of non governmental sectors is mainly reflected in government's purchase of services,the construction of new reading spaces and library branches,the reform of corporate governance structure and voluntary services. This has strengthened the sustainable development momentum of public libraries;3) “China template” for innovative development has been created under the drive of institutional design and practical exploration;4)from actively integrating into the international community to demonstrating and leading the international development,the globalization period of “China's experience” has begun.
Aiming at the strategic goal of basically building Chinese style modernization and cultural power by 2035,public libraries should establish strategic thinking,clarify strategic tasks and create a new vision of common prosperity of people's spiritual life with a more professional,systematic,intelligent,socialized,and globalized development vision. Specific actions are as follows:1)accelerating the construction of world class city libraries with Chinese characteristics in line with the strategy of cultural power;2)steadily promoting the integration of urban and rural public libraries services in the process of Chinese style modernization;3)comprehensively promoting the construction of smart library system according to the national strategy of cultural digitization. 56 refs.
中文摘要:
      党的十八大以来,中国特色公共图书馆事业成绩斐然,突出表现在:①构建了中国特色公共图书馆制度体系和治理体系,公共图书馆法治建设、标准化建设、总分馆制建设取得重大突破;②扎实推动和服务全民阅读国家战略,特殊群体阅读权益得到明显保障,“图书馆+”和“互联网+”服务创新成为新常态,高品质新型公共文化空间打造城市阅读新场景,“图书馆之城”建设加快形成全球阅读典范城市;③数智赋能开创文化惠民工程新局面,公共数字文化融合发展工程深入推进,智慧图书馆建设取得实质性进展;④古籍保护工作硕果累累,传承弘扬中华优秀传统文化成效显著。中国特色公共图书馆事业十年发展中显现出四个主要特征:①现代公共文化服务体系加快建设,促进图书馆事业高质量发展;②社会力量广泛参与,增强公共图书馆发展持续动力;③制度设计与实践探索双轮驱动,打造创新发展“中国样板”;④积极融入国际社会并示范引领国际发展,开启“中国经验”的世界化时期。面向2035年基本建成中国式现代化、文化强国及国家文化数字化战略目标,我国公共图书馆应通过加快推进中国特色世界一流城市图书馆建设,扎实推进公共图书馆服务城乡一体建设,统筹推进智慧图书馆体系建设,以开创人民精神生活共同富裕新图景。参考文献56。
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