陈涛,苏日娜,张永娟,张靖,余厚强.智慧数据驱动的古籍智慧性保护体系研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(1):68~81
The Smart Conservation System of Ancient Books Driven by Smart Data
智慧数据驱动的古籍智慧性保护体系研究
Received:September 09, 2022  Revised:November 11, 2022
DOI:
Key words:Ancient books preservation and conservation  Smart protection  Smart data  Cultural heritage  Digital humanities
中文关键词:  古籍保护  智慧性保护  智慧数据  文化遗产  数字人文
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
CHEN Tao,SU Rina,ZHANG Yongjuan,ZHANG Jing,YU Houqiang 中山大学信息管理学院中山大学国家文化遗产与文化发展研究院 广东 广州 510006 
苏日娜 中山大学图书馆 广东 广州 510275 
张永娟 中国科学院上海生命科学信息中心 上海 200031 
张靖 中山大学信息管理学院 广东 广州 510006 
余厚强 中山大学信息管理学院 广东 广州 510006 
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Abstract:
The preservation,digitization,and revitalization of ancient books,which carry the common memory of the Chinese nation,is to continue the cultural lifeline of the Chinese nation. In recent years,the rise of smart data has provided a new research perspective for the digitization and conservation of ancient books. This paper points out that smart data is a qualitative concept,a rheological process,and a polymorphic result. First of all,it is difficult to have unified quantitative indicators for smart data,and it needs to have suitable scenarios and specific periods to reflect the value of data. Secondly,smart data is not static,and with the increase of applications,the increase of associations,and the enhancement of content,the value of smart data will also show dynamic characteristics. Finally,smart data does not only contain a certain data form,but forms a knowledge community by multiple data forms in the process of dynamic development.
On the basis of smart data,this paper proposes the concept and framework system of smart conservation of ancient books. The smart conservation takes smart data as the main form of expression,and the implementation process is divided into semantic data,linked data,intelligent data,and smart data. Among them,semantic data can be regarded as the primary form of smart data; intelligent data is the lightweight smart data,which favors data dynamics and automation; and smart data is the enhanced version of intelligent data,which is more inclined to reproduce knowledge.
Subsequently,the paper points out that smart conservation is an intermediate form between regenerative conservation and heritage conservation of ancient books,which provides a smarter and more intelligent knowledge source for heritage conservation of ancient books. Smart conservation requires the overall construction of the knowledge spectrum of ancient books,which will contain multimodal data (such as original ancient books,images,text,audio,and video),knowledge forms (such as metadata,ontology,entities,relationships,RDF data),semantic enhancement contents (such as entity links,annotations,knowledge),and even intelligent data such as anticipation,rules,AR/VR,knowledge graph,as well as algorithms,codes,models,etc., on which the smart generation depends.
Finally,this paper points out that smart conservation not only enriches the research scope and conservation methods of ancient books digitization,but also implements the development concept of cultural heritage conservation. Further,it may even promote the realization process of revitalization and utilization of ancient books. As the smart technology advances,the content and scope of smart conservation will not be fixed,and will continue to be improved. We hope that smart conservation can receive more recognition and attention. 3 figs. 1 tab. 28 refs.
中文摘要:
      古籍承载着中华民族的共同记忆,对古籍进行保护、数字化、活化利用,就是延续中华民族的文化命脉。近几年,智慧数据的兴起给古籍保护提供了新的研究和实践视角。本文梳理总结现有的智慧数据研究成果,指出智慧数据是一个定性的概念,是一个流变的过程,是一个多态的结果;提出智慧数据产生的技术路径,将其划分为语义数据、关联数据、智能数据和智慧数据四大数据形态;在智慧数据的驱动下,提出古籍智慧性保护体系框架,从数据的角度、知识的维度和智慧的深度整体构建古籍知识谱系。智慧性保护丰富了古籍数字化的研究范畴和保护方法,贯彻了文化遗产保护发展理念,推动了古籍活化利用的实现进程,并迎合了科技发展的趋势。正如智慧没有边界,智慧性保护的内容和范畴也不会固定,会随着技术的进步而不断得到完善,未来智慧性保护将会得到更多的认可和关注。图3。表1。参考文献28。
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