文章摘要

张慧,叶鹰.1998—2017年《中国图书馆学报》论文的计量研究与品质分析[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(5):34~46
1998—2017年《中国图书馆学报》论文的计量研究与品质分析
A Bibliometric Investigation and Qualitative Analysis of Articles in the Journal of Library Science in Chinafrom 1998 to 2017
投稿时间:2018-05-13  
DOI:
中文关键词: 文献计量  定量研究  质性分析  中国图书馆学报
英文关键词: Bibliometrics  Quantitative research  Qualitative analysis  Journal of Library Science in China
基金项目:
作者单位
张慧 南京大学信息管理学院博士研究生 江苏 南京 210023 
叶鹰 南京大学信息管理学院教授博士生导师。 江苏 南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      以CNKI数据库的量化数据和《〈中国图书馆学报〉创刊六十周年文选》的质性选编为基础,定义出《中国图书馆学报》(1998—2017)所有论文、《文选》论文和双高论文,采用引用量C、下载量U和引用下载比K三个计量指标,对所有论文和《文选》论文进行计量研究,并对《文选》论文和双高论文进行品质分析。研究发现:C、U和K均服从幂律分布,且论文年均引用下载比逐年递减;分段时间内论文引用和下载之间具有高度正相关关系。由于学术品质不能完全用量化指标代替,建议以提升学术品质作为最终目标,而计量研究的目的则是促进学术品质提升。图5。表4。参考文献21。
英文摘要:
Assessing quantity or quality of academic articles are two completely different evaluation orientations. Obviously, quantity never represents quality and vice versa. In general, the quantitative research aims at the groups, mainly through the bibliometric indicators, to realize the statistical evaluation of the quantity, while the quality analysis aimed at individuals, mainly depending on peer review, to judge quality. The purpose of this paper focuses on combining quantitative research with quality analysis to achieve a balance between them, so as to provide a reference for comprehensive academic evaluation.

Based on the quantitative data of CNKI database and the qualitatively selected articles of the 60th anniversary anthology of Journal of Library Science in China, we define all papers, qualified papers and double highly selected papers between 1998 and 2017. In this paper, we adopt three measurement indicators: citation (C), download(U) and the ratio of citation to download (K) to carry out bibliometric research on all papers and qualified papers. Also, group analysis and personalization analysis are used to analyze the quality of qualified papers and double highly selected papers.

It is found that, first of all, whether in all papers or in qualified papers, C,U and K all obey the power law distribution, that is, there is a “Matthew effect” in the distribution of citations, downloads and the ratio of citation to download. The average annual ratios of citation to download decrease yearly. We investigate the influencing factors from the aspects of numerator and denominator, i.e. citation and download, and find that the earlier papers tend to accumulate higher citations and the recent papers tend to attract higher downloads, which leads to a decreasing trend of the average annual ratios of citation to download.

Secondly, by studying the correlation between citation and download of all papers, qualified papers and double highly selected papers in segmented time, it is revealed that the time span of the papers should be controlled properly when discussing the correlation between them, as there is great difference of the distribution interval of citations and downloads. A smaller time span is conducive to a more accurate conclusion. Meanwhile, in a smaller time span, there is a high correlation between citation and download.

In addition, through the comparison of qualified papers and double highly selected papers, it is found that there are some differences between qualitative analysis using qualified papers as references and quantitative analysis. The personalization analysis of 8 intersection papers shows that the quality analysis of papers is a very complex and difficult problem, which cannot be completely replaced by quantitative evaluation.

Finally, by comparing the domestic “download” research with the international “usage” study on different datasets, we find that there are similarities between the two indexes in different datasets, so that these similar conclusions should be universal. 5 figs. 4 tabs. 21 refs.
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