文章摘要

马费成,张帅.我国图书情报领域新兴交叉学科发展探析[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(2):4~14
我国图书情报领域新兴交叉学科发展探析
The Development of Emerging Interdisciplines in Library and Information Science in China
投稿时间:2022-11-06  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书情报学  新兴交叉学科  学科发展  演进模式
英文关键词: Library and information science  Emerging interdisciplines  Disciplinary development  Evolutionary model
基金项目:
作者单位
马费成 武汉大学信息资源研究中心 湖北 武汉 430072 
张帅 中山大学信息管理学院 广东 广州 510006 
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中文摘要:
      新兴交叉学科正在成为我国科技创新的重要驱动力,并不断催生新的学科生长点和新的科学前沿。本文以当代我国图书情报学科研究中的新兴交叉学科为对象,运用案例分析与比较分析方法,解析我国图书情报领域新兴交叉学科的发展特点与演进模式,探讨我国图书情报领域新兴交叉学科的理论建构。我国图书情报领域新兴交叉学科的发展依赖于“创新驱动、应用引领、技术赋能”,形成了从“问题域—方法论式单向引进”到“方法论—问题域式反向输出”再到“问题域—问题域式双向合作”的演进模式。以此为基础,建构了理论发展与范式革新并重的新兴交叉学科理论模型,为当代我国图书情报领域的新兴交叉学科体系建设提供有益借鉴,为新时代中国特色图书情报学科的创新发展提供有益参考。图1。参考文献25。
英文摘要:
Emerging interdisciplines are increasingly serving as a catalyst for China's scientific and technological advancement and keep spawning fresh disciplinary growth spots and uncharted scientific territory. In this environment,Chinese library and information science has opened up a variety of emerging interdisciplinary topics while maintaining adherence to the traditional beneficial research subjects,including data science,digital humanities,health informatics,emergency/security information science,big data management and application,etc. These emerging interdisciplinary fields have become the focus of library and information science in China. This paper conducts an in depth analysis and discussion on evolution law and theoretical framework for emerging interdisciplines.
This paper studies the ten year evolution of the Chinese library and information science's interdisciplinary research progress. There are three factors that give rise to the emerging interdisciplinary field of library and information science in China:1)the urgent need for the discipline itself to produce new knowledge;2)the urgent need to address pressing issues pertaining to human growth,and 3)the urgent need for disciplines to be empowered by digital intelligence.
This paper examines the evolving emerging interdisciplinary field of library and information science in China. It constitutes an emergent interdisciplinary evolution law that is problem domain and methodology focused. These three evolutionary models are:1)problem domain and methodology input model,2)methodology and problem domain output model,and 3)problem domain and problem domain collaboration model.
And this paper explores the theoretical foundations of the emerging interdisciplines of library and information science in China. A theoretical framework is created and gives equal priority to theoretical development and paradigm innovation,taking the fundamental theories of library science,information science,and archival science as its foundation,and supporting them with the paradigms of induction,deduction,empirical evidence,and data driven research. This framework also cross integrates with the ideas and methodologies of other disciplines through input,output,and collaboration to encourage the creation of new emerging interdisciplines in Chinese library and information science.
The following ideas are proposed to continually encourage the development of emerging interdisciplines of library and information science in China:1)strengthening the interdisciplinary integration mechanism;2)nurturing emerging interdisciplinary talents;3)exploring emerging interdisciplinary systems,and 4)improving the internationalization level of emerging interdisciplines. It provides a helpful reference for the creation of the newly emerging interdisciplinary system of Chinese library and information science and offers a useful reference for the creative growth of the library and information science with Chinese features in the new era. 1 fig. 25 refs.
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