文章摘要

柯平,胡娟,袁珍珍.面向社会化挑战的图书馆专业化学理依据与实践探索[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(2):15~28
面向社会化挑战的图书馆专业化学理依据与实践探索
The Theoretical Basis and Practical Exploration of Library Specialization Facing the Challenge of Socialization
投稿时间:2022-11-27  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆专业化  图书馆社会化  图书馆职能  图书馆机构  图书馆业务  图书馆职业
英文关键词: Library specialization  Library socialization  Library function  Library organization  Library service  Library profession
基金项目:
作者单位
柯平 南开大学商学院 天津 300071 
胡娟 南开大学商学院 天津 300071 
袁珍珍 南开大学商学院 天津 300071 
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中文摘要:
      图书馆专业化作为图书馆学理论的一个命题以及图书馆人长期追求的一个目标,正受到来自图书馆界内外部过度社会化的挑战。尽管社会化是图书馆事业可持续发展的路径选择之一,但决不能以动摇图书馆专业化根基为代价。图书馆过度社会化对专业化造成的威胁体现在四个方面:①在职能层面正陷于过度发展休闲职能而挤压基本职能的误区;②在机构层面正遭遇社会属性不断突出、愿景与使命不明、组织结构复杂多样、法人治理整体水平低、基层图书馆专业性受外包限制等困扰;③在业务层面因外包范围从事务类扩展至专业类工作而导致图书馆采编水平降低、馆藏质量下降与读者活动专业性弱化,正面临职能根基与职业精神动摇的风险;④在职业层面因大量社会从业人员与志愿者被引入专业岗位而影响了馆员队伍专业性,并引发了图书馆学专业教育生存危机。本文以图书馆专业化学理依据为基础,从矫正过度社会化的视角提出未来图书馆专业化实践路径:①引导职能专业化须适度发挥休闲职能,其边界在于能否保障图书馆文献信息服务基本职能,并在休闲职能中体现图书馆信息、教育、文化与科学功能;②维持机构专业化须坚持图书馆专业属性不动摇,恰当确立专业使命与愿景,推动法人治理结构与理事会制度科学化并对基层机构实施专业化干预;③加强业务专业化须审慎外包核心业务,并在业务工作中始终遵循业务标准规范,讲求原理完备性并保证业务技术知识含量;④促进职业专业化须借助图书馆学教育推动职业科学化、职业伦理与职业精神的内在统一,并推进建设职业资格认证制度。参考文献53。
英文摘要:
As a proposition of library science theory and a goal pursued by librarians for a long time,library specialization is being challenged by excessive socialization inside and outside the library field. Although socialization is one of the ways to realize the sustainable development of librarianship,it must not be at the cost of shaking the foundation of library specialization. Based on the basic orientation of balancing library specialization and library socialization,this paper analyzes the threat of excessive library socialization to specialization from the four dimensions of function,organization,business and occupation,and puts forward the future practice path of library specialization from the perspective of correcting excessive socialization based on the theory basis of library specialization.
The threat caused by socialization is reflected in that the library is caught in the mistake of overdeveloping the entertainment function and squeezing the basic function at the functional level. At the institutional level,the library is plagued by prominent social attributes,unclear vision and mission,complex and diverse organizational structure,low overall level of corporate governance,and the impact of outsourcing on the professionalization of grass roots libraries. At the business level,the expansion of outsourcing from fundamental work to professional work has led to the reduction of the level of acquisition and cataloging,the decline of collection quality and the weakening of the professionalism of readers activities,and the library is facing the risk of shaking its functional foundation and professional spirit. At the professional level,a large number of social practitioners and volunteers are introduced to professional posts which have undermined the professionalism of librarians and triggered the survival crisis of library science education in China.
This paper holds that the specialization of guiding function must give appropriate play to the entertainment function,and its boundary lies in whether the basic function of library's document and information can be guaranteed,and the library's information,education,culture and science function can be embodied in the entertainment function. To strengthen business specialization,we must be deliberate when outsourcing core business,and in business work we should always follow the business standards and norms,emphasize the completeness of principles,and guarantee technical knowledge content. To maintain the institutional specialization,we must adhere to the professional attribute of the library,establish the professional mission and vision,promote the scientific corporate governance structure and board system,and implement professional intervention to the grass roots institutions. To promote professional specialization,library science education can help to facilitate the internal unity of scientific,professional ethics and professional spirit,and advance the construction of professional qualification certification system. 53 refs.
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