|Constructing the Autonomous Archival Science Knowledge System of China
|中文关键词: 档案学 中国特色 知识体系 知识创新
|英文关键词: Archival science Chinese characteristics Knowledge system Knowledge innovation
|The autonomous archival science knowledge system of China mainly refers to the original,definitive and systematic system archival understanding and experience built by Chinese people independently based on Chinese reality. The construction of an autonomous archival science knowledge system in China is not only an important task to prosper the philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics but also a necessary way to inherit,reflect on,and innovate the ideas and theories of Chinese archival science.
From the perspective of the history of Chinese archival science,since the archival science has gradually established the archival science knowledge system with Chinese characteristics and its narrative tradition based on spontaneous research,planned research,and organizational research through three stages of initiation,formation and development,and independent construction since its establishment nearly a century ago. 1) The modern knowledge system of Chinese archival science began to be constructed along with the beginning of archival science research in the 1920s and 1930s. After the founding of the People's Republic of China,establishing the archival science as an independent discipline became an important task,and the knowledge system of what,why and how archives,archival science,archival work,archival education and archival career were respectively established,forming an archival science knowledge system with empirical science as its main feature. 2) After 1978,archival science has systematically moved from empirical science to theoretical science,developed into a group structural science with a series of sub disciplines,established a discipline system and knowledge system with theoretical archival science,applied archival science and technical archival science as the main subjects. The archival science knowledge meets the needs of Chinese archival practice,concerned with the development and changes of the times,and has realized the transformation of the archival science knowledge system from singularity and fragmentation to systematization and scale. 3) Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC,the independent construction of the knowledge system of Chinese archival science has achieved consensus at both the conceptual and operational levels；the archival science knowledge system and its narrative system reflecting Chinese characteristics,Chinese solutions and Chinese wisdom have been established at the core.
Faced with the task and challenge of constructing the autonomous archival science knowledge system in China,it is urgent to observe the development of the times,form a consciousness of constructing an archival science knowledge system independently,adhere to the self centered approach,form an independent and open construction path,take root in Chinese soil,strive to establish original archival concepts and theories,solve Chinese problems,promote people centered archival science knowledge innovation,and manifest Chinese reasoning. We will also address the common problems faced by international archival research. 50 refs.