文章摘要

张斌,杨文.建构中国自主的档案学知识体系[J].中国图书馆学报,2023,49(2):41~56
建构中国自主的档案学知识体系
Constructing the Autonomous Archival Science Knowledge System of China
投稿时间:2023-03-04  
DOI:
中文关键词: 档案学  中国特色  知识体系  知识创新
英文关键词: Archival science  Chinese characteristics  Knowledge system  Knowledge innovation
基金项目:
作者单位
张斌 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院、中国人民大学文献书画保护与鉴定研究中心、中国人民大学档案事业发展研究中心、世界记忆项目北京学术中心 北京 100872 
杨文 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院、中国人民大学文献书画保护与鉴定研究中心、中国人民大学档案事业发展研究中心、世界记忆项目北京学术中心 北京 100872 
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中文摘要:
      中国自主的档案学知识体系主要是指中国人立足中国实际自主建设的具有原创性、确定性、系统性的档案学认识和经验系统。建构中国自主的档案学知识体系不仅是繁荣中国特色哲学社会科学的重要任务,而且是继承、反思、创新中国档案学思想和理论的必由之路。从中国档案学史来看,自档案学创立,经过近百年的探索发展,基于自发性研究、计划性研究、组织性研究,历经肇始、形成发展、自主建构三个阶段,逐步建立起了具有中国特色的档案学知识体系及其叙事传统。面对新征程建构中国自主的档案学知识体系的任务与挑战,亟需观照时代发展,形成自主建构档案学知识体系的自觉;坚持以我为主,形成独立自主和开放包容的建构之路;扎根中国大地,努力构建原创性的档案学概念和理论;解决中国问题,推动以人民为中心的档案学知识创新;彰显中国之理,解决国际档案学研究面临的共性问题。参考文献50。
英文摘要:
The autonomous archival science knowledge system of China mainly refers to the original,definitive and systematic system archival understanding and experience built by Chinese people independently based on Chinese reality. The construction of an autonomous archival science knowledge system in China is not only an important task to prosper the philosophy and social sciences with Chinese characteristics but also a necessary way to inherit,reflect on,and innovate the ideas and theories of Chinese archival science.
From the perspective of the history of Chinese archival science,since the archival science has gradually established the archival science knowledge system with Chinese characteristics and its narrative tradition based on spontaneous research,planned research,and organizational research through three stages of initiation,formation and development,and independent construction since its establishment nearly a century ago. 1) The modern knowledge system of Chinese archival science began to be constructed along with the beginning of archival science research in the 1920s and 1930s. After the founding of the People's Republic of China,establishing the archival science as an independent discipline became an important task,and the knowledge system of what,why and how archives,archival science,archival work,archival education and archival career were respectively established,forming an archival science knowledge system with empirical science as its main feature. 2) After 1978,archival science has systematically moved from empirical science to theoretical science,developed into a group structural science with a series of sub disciplines,established a discipline system and knowledge system with theoretical archival science,applied archival science and technical archival science as the main subjects. The archival science knowledge meets the needs of Chinese archival practice,concerned with the development and changes of the times,and has realized the transformation of the archival science knowledge system from singularity and fragmentation to systematization and scale. 3) Since the 18th National Congress of the CPC,the independent construction of the knowledge system of Chinese archival science has achieved consensus at both the conceptual and operational levels;the archival science knowledge system and its narrative system reflecting Chinese characteristics,Chinese solutions and Chinese wisdom have been established at the core.
Faced with the task and challenge of constructing the autonomous archival science knowledge system in China,it is urgent to observe the development of the times,form a consciousness of constructing an archival science knowledge system independently,adhere to the self centered approach,form an independent and open construction path,take root in Chinese soil,strive to establish original archival concepts and theories,solve Chinese problems,promote people centered archival science knowledge innovation,and manifest Chinese reasoning. We will also address the common problems faced by international archival research. 50 refs.
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