|The Current Situation and Breakthrough Points of the Supporting System Construction of the Public Library Law of the People's Republic of China:From the Perspective of Local Legislation Demand
|中文关键词: 《公共图书馆法》 地方立法 制度建设 图书馆事业
|英文关键词: Public Library Law of the People's Republic of China Local legislation System construction Librarianship
| 图书馆地方立法为国家立法提供了重要借鉴,国家立法也为地方立法提供了新的指引。图书馆法的实施,需要一系列配套制度加以贯彻落实。自2018年1月1日《中华人民共和国公共图书馆法》实施以来,我国图书馆配套制度建设取得重要进展。一是文化和旅游部出台了《公共图书馆馆藏文献信息处置管理办法》,提供了馆藏文献信息处置的工作指南、操作方式,同时也为图书馆馆藏文献信息的科学化、专业化建设提供了政策依据,弥补了此前的制度空白；二是不少地方修订或新出的地方性法规和规章制度集聚了大量地方实践经验和措施举措,进一步夯实了地方政府在图书馆建设中的主导责任,细化落实了国家法要求,提升了图书馆专业治理能力,促进了全民阅读发展,保障了读者基本文化权益,深化了图书馆总分馆服务体系,在许多小微处形成创新突破；三是国家标准、行业标准、地方标准纷纷出台,配合《公共图书馆法》实施,向业务管理、服务规范及技术应用等领域深入拓展。此外,相关法关注图书馆建设,进一步彰显了图书馆的社会教育、科学普及、公平服务、文化保护传承、政府信息公开等功能,也为新的地方立法提供了遵循和指引。新的地方立法应当积极响应图书馆服务多样化、个性化、品质化要求,在普遍均等基础上实现优质均衡发展,在新地标、新空间、新服务、新场景、新传播建设等领域形成创新突破,为中国特色、国际一流的图书馆事业高质量发展奠定坚实的地方制度保障。表 1。参考文献27。
|The local legislation for library provides an important reference for the national legislation,and the national legislation for library also provides new guidance for the local legislation. The implementation of the library law requires a series of supporting systems. Under the guidance of the national law,the new local legislation should be based on local reality,further refine legislative guarantees,fully absorb the essence of various supporting systems,and promote the sustainable development of local librarianship.
Since the implementation of the Public Library Law of the People's Republic of Chinain January 1,2018,important progress has been made in the construction of library supporting system in China. Firstly,the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of the People's Republic of China issued the Regulations on Collection Information Disposal in Public Libraries,which provides the guidelines and methods for the disposal of library collection,and also provides the policy for the scientific and professional construction of the library collection to make up for the previous gap. Secondly,many local revised or newly issued local laws and regulations have gathered a lot of local practical experience and measures,further consolidated the leading responsibility in the library development of local government,refined the requirements of the national law,improved the professional governance ability of libraries,promoted the development of nationwide reading,ensured the basic cultural rights and interests of readers and deepened the central branch library service system. Innovative breakthroughs have been made in many micro details. Thirdly,national standards,industrial standards and local standards have been promulgated,supporting the Public Library Law of the People's Republic of China,to expand into the fields of business management,service standards and technical applications. In particular,local standards are numerous and diverse in content,reflecting the vigorous development of librarianship across the country. The construction of these supporting systems has provided abundant content and materials for new local legislation.
In addition,the relevant laws focus on library construction and stipulate relevant matters,which further highlight the functions of libraries such as social education,science popularization,fair service,cultural protection & promotion,and government information disclosure,and also provide guidance for new local legislation.
With the advent of the new era,the main social contradiction has been transformed into the contradiction between the people's growing needs for a better life and unbalanced and inadequate development. The process of promoting local legislation for library in the new era is essentially the process of comprehensively planning the high quality development of local librarianship. Therefore,the new local legislation should actively respond to the requirements of diversification,personalization and high quality of library services,achieve high quality and balanced development on the basis of equality,and make innovative breakthroughs in many fields such as new landmarks,new spaces,new services,new scenes and new communications,so as to lay a solid institutional guarantee for the high quality development of world class librarianship with Chinese characteristics. 1 tab. 27 refs.