索传军,戎军涛.图书馆学研究对象的历史演变与成因分析[J].中国图书馆学报,2022,48(5):28~42
The Historical Evolution and Causes of the Research Object of Library Science
图书馆学研究对象的历史演变与成因分析
Received:December 06, 2021  
DOI:
Key words:Library science  Research object  Research topics  Evolution law  Evolution causes
中文关键词:  图书馆学  研究对象  研究主题  演变规律  演变成因
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliation
SUO Chuanjun 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
RONG Juntao 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
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Abstract:
At present,the theoretical system of library science lacks a clear core domain. The scientific cognition of the research object is a necessary and basic research task to determine the theoretical core proposition,solve the current discipline dilemma and construct the scientific theory system.
Since the concept “library science” was put forward,library science has been developing for more than 200 years. According to the main research themes in different historical development stages,the historical evolution of its object can be divided into five stages:institutional paradigm,sociological paradigm,information paradigm,knowledge paradigm and humanistic paradigm. The institutional paradigm takes the library as the research object,limits its vision to the specific representation levels such as local technology,work and process of the library,and opposes the research outside the library field. The sociological paradigm examines the library in the social system,and further investigates,describes,reveals and explains the function and activity law of the library from the relationship between the library and society. The information paradigm takes information as the core concept to reconstruct its theoretical system. It focuses on the movement,organization and management of information from the perspective of technology,humanities and policy. The core concept of knowledge paradigm is knowledge and knowledge activities. It studies the essence and function of knowledge,the formation and evolution law of knowledge,and the theories and methods of knowledge content disclosure,evaluation,organization and utilization. Humanistic paradigm advocates taking human as the core object of library science,and pays special attention to and emphasizes the subjective existence and value realization of users.
Different research paradigms reflect the changes of research hotspots or themes in various historical stages,from which we can see the evolution and development of library science research objects in each stage. On the whole,library science research has undergone three major turns:from technicism and empiricism to rationalism,from static object view to dynamic process view,from systematic structuralism to more essential cognitivism.
Theoretically,our cognitive process of library science research objects follows an approximate cognitive evolution model. The model is divided into ontology layer,intermediary layer and cognitive layer in the vertical dimension,and N historical development stages in the horizontal dimension. According to the theory of embodied cognition,we believe that the factors affecting the cognitive evolution of the research object of library science can be divided into social environmental factors,disciplinary internal factors and cognitive subject factors. From the research process of library science in China,the development of library cause has a great impact on the cognition of the research object of library science,and it is also the main reason for its evolution and development. 3 figs. 59 refs.
中文摘要:
      自图书馆学概念提出以来,已有二百多年的发展历史,依据不同历史阶段的研究主题,可将其研究对象划分为机构范式、社会学范式、信息范式、知识范式和人文范式五个阶段。不同研究范式反映了各个历史阶段研究热点或主题的变化,从中可以看出每个阶段图书馆学研究对象的演变与发展。总体上,图书馆学研究发生了三次大的转向:一是从技术、经验主义发展到理性主义;二是从静态的客体观演变为动态的过程观;三是从系统的结构主义转向更为本质的认知主义。图书馆学研究对象的演化,近似地遵循人类认知演化模型。图书馆学研究对象演变的成因,既有学科发展赖以生存的社会环境因素,又有学科内在因素,还有本学科认知主体因素。从我国图书馆学研究历程看,图书馆及其事业的发展对图书馆学研究对象影响较大,也是其演变发展的主要动因。图3。参考文献59。
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